Ethereal is a free network protocol analyzer for Unix and Windows. It
allows you to examine data from a live network or from a capture file
on disk. You can interactively browse the capture data, viewing summary
and detail information for each packet. Ethereal has several powerful
features, including a rich display filter language and the ability to
view the reconstructed stream of a TCP session.
At the present time, Ethereal has enough functionality to be useful,
but it's far from complete. It's still beta software, and new features
and bug fixes are being added all the time. Here is the list of features,
current as of version 0.9.3, in no particular order:
- Data can be captured "off the wire" from a live network
connection, or read from a capture file.
- Ethereal can read capture files from tcpdump (libpcap), NAI's Sniffer?
(compressed and uncompressed), Sniffer? Pro, NetXray?, Sun snoop and
atmsnoop, Shomiti/Finisar Surveyor, AIX's iptrace, Microsoft's Network
Monitor, Novell's LANalyzer, RADCOM's WAN/LAN Analyzer, HP-UX nettl,
i4btrace from the ISDN4BSD project, Cisco Secure IDS iplog, the pppd
log (pppdump-format), the AG Group's/WildPacket's EtherPeek/TokenPeek/AiroPeek,
or Visual Networks' Visual UpTime. It can also read traces made from
Lucent/Ascend WAN routers and Toshiba ISDN routers, as well as the text
output from VMS's TCPIPtrace utility and the DBS Etherwatch utility
for VMS. Any of these files can be compressed with gzip and Ethereal
will decompress them on the fly.
- Live data can be read from Ethernet, FDDI, PPP, Token-Ring, IEEE 802.11,
Classical IP over ATM, and loopback interfaces (at least on some platforms;
not all of those types are supported on all platforms).
- Captured network data can be browsed via a GUI, or via the TTY-mode
- Capture files can be programmatically edited or converted via command-line
switches to the "editcap" program.
- 385 protocols can currently be dissected: 802.11 MGT, AAL1, AAL3_4,
AARP, ACAP, AFP, AFS (RX), AH, AIM, AJP13, ANS, AODV, ARCNET, ARP/RARP,
ASAP, ASF, ASP, ATM, ATM LANE, ATP, ATSVC, AVS WLANCAP, Auto-RP, BACapp,
BACnet, BEEP, BGP, BOFL, BOOTP/DHCP, BOOTPARAMS, BOSSVR, BROWSER, BVLC,
Boardwalk, CDP, CDS_CLERK, CFLOW, CGMP, CHDLC, CLEARCASE, CLNP, CLTP,
CONV, COPS, COTP, CPHA, CUPS, CoSine, DCCP, DCERPC, DCE_DFS, DDP, DDTP,
DEC_STP, DFS, DHCPv6, DISTCC, DLSw, DNS, DNSSERVER, DSI, DTSPROVIDER,
DTSSTIME_REQ, DVMRP, Data, Diameter, EAP, EAPOL, EIGRP, ENC, ENIP, EPM,
ESIS, ESP, ETHERIP, Ethernet, FC, FC ELS, FC FZS, FC-FCS, FC-SWILS,
FC-dNS, FCIP, FCP, FC_CT, FDDI, FIX, FLDB, FR, FTP, FTP-DATA, FTSERVER,
FW-1, Frame, GIOP, GMRP, GNUTELLA, GRE, GSS-API, GTP, GTPv0, GTPv1,
GVRP, H.261, H1, HCLNFSD, HPEXT, HSRP, HTTP, HyperSCSI, IAPP, IB, ICAP,
ICMP, ICMPv6, ICP, ICQ, IEEE 802.11, IGMP, IGRP, ILMI, IMAP, IP, IPComp,
IPFC, IPMI, IPP, IPX, IPX MSG, IPX RIP, IPX SAP, IPX WAN, IPv6, IRC,
ISAKMP, ISDN, ISIS, ISL, ISUP, IUA, KADM5, KLM, KRB5, KRB5RPC, L2TP,
LACP, LANMAN, LAPB, LAPBETHER, LAPD, LDAP, LDP, LLAP, LLC, LMI, LMP,
LPD, LSA, LSA_DS, Lucent/Ascend, M2PA, M2TP, M2UA, M3UA, MAPI, MDS Header,
MGMT, MIPv6, MMSE, MOUNT, MPEG1, MPLS, MRDISC, MS Proxy, MSDP, MSNIP,
MSNMS, MTP2, MTP3, MTP3MG, Mobile IP, Modbus/TCP, MySQL, NBDS, NBIPX,
NBNS, NBP, NBSS, NCP, NDMP, NDPS, NETLOGON, NFS, NFSACL, NFSAUTH, NIS+,
NIS+ CB, NLM, NLSP, NMPI, NNTP, NSPI, NTLMSSP, NTP, NetBIOS, Null, OAM
AAL, OSPF, OXID, PCNFSD, PFLOG, PFLOG-OLD, PGM, PIM, POP, PPP, PPP BACP,
PPP BAP, PPP CBCP, PPP CCP, PPP CDPCP, PPP CHAP, PPP Comp, PPP IPCP,
PPP IPV6CP, PPP LCP, PPP MP, PPP MPLSCP, PPP PAP, PPP PPPMux, PPP PPPMuxCP,
PPP VJ, PPPoED, PPPoES, PPTP, Portmap, Prism, Q.2931, Q.931, QLLC, QUAKE,
QUAKE2, QUAKE3, QUAKEWORLD, RADIUS, RANAP, REMACT, REP_PROC, RIP, RIPng,
RMCP, RMI, RMP, RPC, RPC_BROWSER, RPC_NETLOGON, RPL, RQUOTA, RSH, RSTAT,
RSVP, RSYNC, RS_ACCT, RS_ATTR, RS_PGO, RS_REPADM, RS_REPLIST, RS_UNIX,
RTCP, RTMP, RTP, RTSP, RWALL, RX, Raw, Rlogin, SADMIND, SAMR, SAP, SCCP,
SCCPMG, SCSI, SCTP, SDLC, SDP, SECIDMAP, SGI MOUNT, SIP, SKINNY, SLARP,
SLL, SMB, SMB Mailslot, SMB Pipe, SMPP, SMTP, SMUX, SNA, SNA XID, SNAETH,
SNMP, SPNEGO-KRB5, SPOOLSS, SPRAY, SPX, SRVLOC, SRVSVC, SSCOP, SSH,
SSL, STAT, STAT-CB, STP, SUA, SVCCTL, Serialization, SliMP3, Socks,
Spnego, Syslog, TACACS, TACACS+, TAPI, TCP, TDS, TELNET, TFTP, TIME,
TKN4Int, TNS, TPKT, TR MAC, TSP, TZSP, Token-Ring, UBIKDISK, UBIKVOTE,
UCP, UDP, V.120, VLAN, VRRP, VTP, Vines ARP, Vines Echo, Vines FRP,
Vines ICP, Vines IP, Vines IPC, Vines LLC, Vines RTP, Vines SPP, WBXML,
WCCP, WCP, WHDLC, WHO, WINREG, WKSSVC, WSP, WTLS, WTP, X.25, X.29, X11,
XDMCP, XOT, XYPLEX, YHOO, YMSG, YPBIND, YPPASSWD, YPSERV, YPXFR, ZEBRA,
ZIP, cds_solicit, cprpc_server, dce_update, iSCSI, iSNS, roverride,
rpriv, rs_misc, rsec_login,
- Output can be saved or printed as plain text or PostScriptR.
- Data display can be refined using a display filter.
- Display filters can also be used to selectively highlight and color
packet summary information.
- All or part of each captured network trace can be saved to disk.
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